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This appendix includes a detailed desription and data source information for this asset class.

Class Definitions
Metrics
Data Sources Links to Data

Return to Assets
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Financial Capital Asset Description

Access to capital is a vital asset for supporting entrepreneurship and innovation. Transforming ideas into commercial products and services requires significant resources, and few entrepreneurs in the U.S. can finance the entire development cycle alone. Regions such as Silicon Valley have little trouble retaining entrepreneurs and start-up firms because of the significant presence of venture capital (VC) firms. Other regions, which have a more difficulty attracting the attention of VC firms located outside the area, must find different solutions for providing access to capital for entrepreneurs, such as organizing angel groups and other joint-investment programs to leverage sources of family-based wealth.

Financial Capital Metrics

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Venture Capital Investment

Venture capital data is collected in a collaborative project by PricewaterhouseCoopers, Thomson Financial Venture Economics, and the National Venture Capital Association. The PWC/Venture Economics/NVCA Moneytree Survey is available on the Venture Economics website(http://www.venturexpert.com/VxComponent/static/stats/statshome.htm). Quarterly data is available by state, region, metropolitan area, and U.S. congressional district. Users can compile the data by congressional district and aggregate for the region. A useful way to show the data is to normalize per 1,000 workers and compare the regions to peer regions, the state, or the nation.

Links to Data: View suggested Financial Capital public sources in the table below.

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Evaluation Areas Data Sources Web site
Venture Capital PWC/Venture Economics/NVCA Moneytree Survey http://www.pwcmoneytree.com/moneytree/
Angel Networks/VC Firms Local print media, such as business newspapers published by American Business Journals http://www.bizjournals.com
Angel Networks/VC Firms Local print media, such as business newspapers published by Crain Communications http://www.crain.com
Angel Networks/VC Firms Local print media, such as business newspapers published by the Angel Capital Association http://www.angelcapitalassociation.org
Foundation Giving The Foundation Center http://fconline.fdncenter.org
Commercial Bank Assets and Lending Public filings with government agencies http://www.sec.gov
Government Programs Small Business Administration http://www.sba.gov

The following data sources and evaluation criteria are all related to financial capital.

Venture Capital Firms

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Data Evaluation Criteria
Names and locations of firms and contact information for principals Amount of assets invested in region (number of deals and total dollar amounts)
Size (amount of capital under management) of existing firms Return on investments
Targeted sectors of firms Co-investments with other regional investors

Strength of relationships with VC firms outside of region (bringing in non-regional investment to regional deals)

Angel Investors/Networks

Data Evaluation Criteria
Names and contact information for individual/network principal Amount of assets invested in region (number of deals and total dollar amounts)
Size (amount of capital under management) of existing angel groups Return on investments
Targeted sectors of investors/networks Co-investments with other regional investors
Names and contact numbers for attorneys, accountants and other support professionals with relevant expertise Strength of relationships with firms outside of region (bringing in non-regional investment to regional deals)

Availability of attorneys, accountants and other support professionals with relevant expertise

Commercial Banks

Data Evaluation Criteria
Names and locations of bank regional headquarters and contact information Amount of loans outstanding to regional businesses
Names of bank presidents Relationships with region’s businesses
Special investment programs Relationships with other financial institutions inside and outside the region

Philanthropic Foundations (National and Regional)

Data Evaluation Criteria
Name, address and primary points of contact for staff and boards Assets and other financial data
Background/ history Number and types of grants made, especially within region
Geographic focus and limitations on giving
Fields of interest
Lists of grantees in recent years

Government programs

Data Evaluation Criteria
SBA Loans Number and amount of SBA loans in region
SBIR Support Programs Number and amount of SBIR Contracts
Department of Labor CareerOneStop is sponsored by the U. S. Department of Labor,
Employment and Training Administration
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