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Employment Law

As an employer, you need a solid grasp of employment laws that affect your business, from hiring and wages to discrimination and sexual harassment. You must also fulfill IRS, workers’ compensation, and other requirements.

Essential Laws and requirements

Below is a quick-reference guide to employment law, required IRS documents, workers’ compensation, hiring foreign workers, and working with unions. Follow the links provided for comprehensive coverage of each topic.

Employment and Labor Law

Requirement For more information
Learn about laws that govern each stage of the employment cycle, from recruitment and hiring to termination and beyond. See the SBA’s page on Business Law and Regulations for a complete guide to laws enforced by the U.S. Department of Labor and other agencies.

Internal Revenue Service (IRS)

Requirement For more information

For any new employee, you need to:   (1) Establish eligibility to work in the  U.S.
(2) Obtain a Social Security Number  (SSN).
(3) Determine how much income tax to  withhold.

See the IRS page Hiring Employees for guidance on the three steps at left and links to required forms and additional information.

Workers’ Compensation

Requirement For more information
Workers’ compensation insurance protects both your company and your employees in the event of occupational illness or injury. See US Department of Labor's Workers Compensation site for a complete guide, including rules and statutes, forms, and contact information.

Hiring Foreign Workers

Requirement For more information
When hiring foreign workers, you’ll need a basic understanding of the Immigration and Nationality Act (INA) and its provisions. See the SBA page Foreign Workers & Employee Eligibility for a complete guide, including information on E-verify.

Unions

Requirement For more information
As an employer, you need to be aware of workers’ right to organize as governed by the National Labor Relations Act (NLRA). See the SBA’s page on Unions, which includes a PDF guide to the NLRA; discusses which employers and employees are covered; and more.

For help with employment law and other workforce issues, contact your local American Job Center and ask to speak with a Business Services Representative.

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