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Using principles of mathematics such as algebra, geometry, and trigonometry to solve problems.

  • Know and apply mathematical principles:
    • Number Systems and Relationships - whole numbers, decimals, fractions, and percentages
    • Number Operations, Computation, Estimation, and Rounding - addition, subtraction, multiplication, and division
    • Measurement and Estimation - measurement of time, temperature, distances, length, width, height, perimeter, area, volume, weight, velocity, and speed; unit conversions (e.g., English to metric)
    • Mathematical Reasoning and Problem Solving - inductive and deductive reasoning, conjectures, arguments, strategies, and interpretation of results
    • Statistics and Data Analysis - collection, reporting, and analysis of data
    • Algebra and Functions - equations, patterns, and functions
    • Geometry - shapes and using geometric principles to solve problems
    • Trigonometry - triangles and trigonometric functions