Skip to Content

4.1 Foundations of Engineering

Engineering fundamentals and its interactions with society.

    4.1.1 Engineering Science
    • Identify and describe the basic principles of a related science and technology pertinent to a specific area of engineering practice.
    • Define key factual information in one or more applicable areas of engineering science as related to a project or product.
    • Employ principles, use knowledge and integrate concepts of one or more areas of engineering science into the design of or improvement of a project, project component or product and to solve engineering problems.
    • Apply critical thinking skills to a project or product based on knowledge of one or more areas of engineering science.
    4.1.2 Natural Science
    • Use elements from one or more areas of natural science to aid in design.
    • Explain key concepts of the scientific method and/or associated inquiry processes to test basic theories in one or more areas of natural science as they apply to engineering projects.
    • Apply critical thinking skills through the application of the scientific method and/or associated inquiry processes in one or more areas of natural science.
    • Use the laws of science to solve engineering problems.
    4.1.3 Humanities and Social Sciences
    • Evaluate general public input and develop that input into technical possibilities as appropriate.
    • Evaluate perspectives from local, state, or national culture or history and related societal trends in the development of a current project.
    • Arrange and help facilitate a meeting during which individuals with varied values will attempt to reconcile different desired outcomes of a project.
    • Evaluate, for a new technical development, institutional arrangements that will provide effective management of a facility or system, or mitigate public risks.
    • Identify the potential contribution of an emerging technology to the public good and evaluate mechanisms for its delivery such as private market or public ownership.
    • Compare the technical and nontechnical positive and negative features of alternative courses of action and discuss and evaluate these alternatives with decision-makers and stakeholders.
Knowledge Areas

    4.1.4 Engineering Science
    • Fluid mechanics
    • Statics and Dynamics
    • Electric circuits
    • Solid mechanics
    • Thermodynamics
    • Heat transfer
    • Mass transfer
    • Materials properties
    4.1.5 Natural Science
    • Physics
    • Chemistry
    • Biology
    • Geology
    4.1.6 Humanities and Social Sciences
    • Philosophy
    • Business studies
    • Demography
    • Ethics
    • History
    • Literature
    • Visual and Performing Arts
    • Economics
    • Political Science
    • Sociology
    • Psychology