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4.5 Professional Ethics

Displaying strong engineering ethics by evaluating and applying the merits, risks, and social concerns of activities in engineering.

    4.5.1 Practice in an ethical manner, with personal and professional integrity.
      4.5.2 Abide by one or more applicable (e.g., employer, professional society, client) strict code of ethics and behavior, even in the face of opposition.
        4.5.3 Encourage others to behave ethically.
          4.5.4 Understand that behaving ethically goes beyond what the law requires.
            4.5.5 Use company time and property responsibly.
              4.5.6 Perform work-related duties according to laws, regulations, contract provisions, and company policies.
                4.5.7 Respect the need for confidentiality, when appropriate.
                  4.5.8 Analyze a situation involving multiple conflicting professional and ethical interests to determine an appropriate course of action.
                    4.5.9 Distinguish between a legal or management issue and an ethical matter.
                      4.5.10 Assemble appropriate resources to assist in the resolution of an ethical dilemma.
                        4.5.11 Formulate the solution to an ethical dilemma at the lowest management level possible, within the practice or management structure, and with the least amount of disruption as possible.
                          4.5.12 Select and take appropriate steps to record or to report to higher-level management or to public authorities in the event that an ethical matter is not adequately resolved in a manner consistent with the public health, safety, and welfare.
                          Knowledge Areas

                            4.5.13 Codes of ethics (professional and technical societies)
                              4.5.14 Agreements and contracts and contract law.
                                4.5.15 Ethical and legal considerations.
                                  4.5.16 Professional liability.
                                    4.5.17 Public protection issues (e.g., licensing boards).
                                      4.5.18 NCEES Model Law and Model Rules.
                                        4.5.19 Intellectual property (e.g., copyright, trade secrets, patents).
                                          4.5.20 Conflicts of interest.