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4.7 Sustainability and Societal and Environmental Impact

Meeting the needs of the present without compromising the ability of future generations to meet their own needs.

    4.7.1 Sustainability
    • Strive to minimize waste, improve efficiency, and reduce resource use.
    • Operate with a triple bottom line, incorporating financial profitability, environmental integrity, and corporate social responsibility.
    • Understand life cycle analysis – the environmental and economic effects of a product at every stage of its existence, from extraction of materials through production to disposal and beyond.
    • Suggest and/or implement continuous improvement actions.
    • Abide by applicable international, federal, state, and local regulations and policies.
    • Safeguard the public interest.
    • Ensure equipment and systems are designed to minimize environmental impact.
    • Seek to upgrade processes beyond pollution control to pollution prevention.
    • Utilize advances in science and technology to upgrade levels of efficiency and environmental protection.
    • Promote sustainable business practices consistent with ISA 14001 International Environmental Management Guidance.
    • Identify information needed to understand and analyze the effects on the environment, economy, and society for a product, process, or system or components of them.
    4.7.2 Societal Impact
    • Analyze the impacts of a project component on diverse stakeholders.
    • Estimate initial and life-cycle costs of a project and assess the impact of that cost and the benefits on users such as taxpayers or purchasers of a product.
    • Assess the intended and unintended environmental, economic, and societal impacts of project alternatives and explain the impacts of those alternatives to diverse project stake holders.
    • Prepare and deliver presentations to the public regarding the impacts of a project.
    • Understand the local and global environmental, economic, and societal impacts of decisions.
    • Integrate the arts and humanities with engineering.
Knowledge Areas

    4.7.3 Equipment, processes, and systems that minimize environmental impact
      4.7.4 Pollution control and prevention
        4.7.5 Reuse and recycling
          4.7.6 Life cycle analysis
            4.7.7 Sustainable business practices
              4.7.8 Federal, state and local laws and regulations (e.g., water, wastewater, air, solid/hazardous waste, groundwater/soils)
                4.7.9 ISO 14001 International Environmental Management Guidance
                  4.7.10 Ecosystems