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5.2 Measurement, Sensors, and Actuation

The sensing, measurement, and actuation devices necessary for automation.

Critical Work Functions

    5.2.1 Select, specify, and design the installation of devices to measure and analyze physical and chemical properties
      5.2.2 Select, specify, and design the installation of devices to manipulate flows, energy, positions, speeds, and other variables
        5.2.3 Design and install wired and/or wireless systems that reliably communicate information from these devices to and from control equipment
          5.2.4 Calibrate, troubleshoot, test, repair, and improve sensing, measurement, and actuation devices
            5.2.5 Document measurement and actuation devices and communications from these devices
            Technical Content Areas

              5.2.6 General
              • Device sizing and selection
              • Sample point selection
              • Signal conditioning
              • Maintenance
              5.2.7 Basic process instrumentation
              • Flow
              • Level
              • Pressure
              • Temperature
              5.2.8 Specialized process instrumentation
              • Color
              • Ion
              • Moisture
              5.2.9 Analytical instrumentation
              • Sample conditioning systems
              5.2.10 High performance sensors
              • High accuracy
              • High speed
              • Specialized technologies (e.g., Chemical)
              5.2.11 Other measurements/sensors
              • Auto identification (e.g., RFID, bar codes, biometrics)
              • Discrete
              • Position, speed, count
              • Vibration
              • Vision systems
              • Encoders
              5.2.12 Actuation
              • Electric actuation
              • Hydraulic actuation
              • Pneumatic actuation
              • Valve types (On/Off, proportional)
              5.2.13 Motor and drive control
              • AC/DC Motors
              • Power transmission (e.g., gear boxes)
              • Smart motors
              • Generators
              • Speed and torque control
              • Servos and steppers
              5.2.14 Installations
              • Electrical installation details
              • Grounding
              • Power
              • Surge suppressors
              • Power quality/harmonics
              • Uninterruptible Power Systems (UPS)
              • Physical installation