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4.10 Safety, Health, Security and Environment

Complying with standards and procedures for a safe, secure, and healthy work environment.

    4.10.1 Maintaining a healthy and safe environment
    • Take actions to ensure the safety of self and others, in accordance with established personal and jobsite safety practices including environmental incident and hazard investigations and preventative inspections.
    • Anticipate and prevent work-related injuries and illnesses.
    • Comply with federal, state, local, and environmental regulations, and company health and safety policies.
    • Implement continuous improvement in health, safety, and/or environmental practices.
    • Recognize common hazards and unsafe conditions that occur at work, their risks, and appropriate controls to address them.
    • Follow organizational procedures and protocols for workplace emergencies, including safe evacuation, and emergency response.
    • Maintain a sanitary and clutter-free work environment.
    • Administer first aid or CPR if trained and summon assistance as needed.
    • Properly handle and dispose of hazardous materials.
    4.10.2 Safeguarding one's person
    • Engage in safety training.
    • Use equipment and tools safely.
    • Use appropriate personal protective equipment.
    • Recognize how workplace risks can affect one's life and one's family.
    • Understand the legal rights of workers regarding workplace safety and protection from hazards.
    • Report injuries, incidents, and workplace hazards to a supervisor as soon as safely possible.
    • Contribute to discussion of safety concerns in the workplace, making suggestions as appropriate.
    • Evaluate and contrast the safety aspects of design alternatives for a process, project component, or product.
    • Identify and apply the most current safety-related regulatory requirements pertinent to a process, project component, product or specific area of engineering practice.
    • Understand the key mitigations for physical and cybersecurity and apply them where necessary for secure operations.
    • Select and take appropriate steps to report to higher-level management or to public authorities safety matters that are not adequately resolved in a manner consistent with public health, safety and welfare.
Knowledge Areas

    4.10.3 Continuous improvement in health, safety, security, and environment
    • Process safety and hazard analysis (e.g., layer or protection analysis, hazard and operability studies (HazOps) fault-tree analysis or event tree)
    • Analysis of health/safety/environmental data
    • Identification of projects and priorities
    • Root cause analysis
    4.10.4 Environmental protection/waste management
    • Chemical hazard assessment
    • Design to minimize environmental impact
    4.10.5 Investigations for health, safety, security or environmental incidences/hazards
    • Developing corrective actions
    • Documentation of findings
    • Follow-up investigation
    • Insurance (property)
    • Violations reports to proper authorities
    • Workers' compensation
    4.10.6 Regulations
    • Hazardous material communication (HAZCOM)
    • Hazardous material handling and disposal (HAZMAT)
    • Hazardous material information system labeling and storage (HMS)
    • Regulations governing safe use of equipment
    • Role of the Occupation Safety and Health Administration (OSHA), the National Institute for Occupational Safety and Health (NIOSH), the Environmental Protection Administration (EPA) or other appropriate regulatory bodies in the workplace
    • Trade compliance Department of Commerce
    • National Environmental Policy Act (NEPA)
    • Comprehensive Environmental Response, Compensation, and Liability Act (CERCLA)
    • Superfund Amendments and Reauthorization Act (SARA)
    • Safety standards created by standards developing organizations
    4.10.7 Safety procedures
    • Safe operation in confined spaces
    • First aid or first response procedures
    • Assessing material, equipment and fixtures for hazards
    • Lock/tag out practices
    • Material Safety Data Sheets (MSDS)
    • Response to shop emergencies
    • Safe evacuation of facility
    • Safe moving of materials
    • Safe, prescribed operation of equipment and tools
    • Use, maintenance and inspection of machine safeguards
    • Use of safety equipment
    4.10.8 Physical and cybersecurity
    • Governance
    • Identification of assets to be managed
    • Protection of assets from physical and cyber threats
    • Detection of threats
    • Respond to incidents
    • Recover from incidents
    • Security standards, frameworks, industry regulations and guidance
      • International Information Security Management Guidance (ISO 27001)
      • Office of Homeland Security System and Physical Security Regulations
      • ISA/IEC 62443 Cyber Security for Industrial Control Systems
      • NIST Cybersecurity Framework