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4.7 Sustainability and Societal and Environmental Impact

Meeting the needs of the present without compromising the ability of future generations to meet their own needs.

  • 4.7.1 Sustainability
    • Strive to minimize waste, improve efficiency, and reduce resource use.
    • Operate with a triple bottom line, incorporating financial profitability, environmental integrity, and corporate social responsibility.
    • Understand life cycle analysis – the environmental and economic effects of a product at every stage of its existence, from extraction of materials through production to disposal and beyond.
    • Suggest and/or implement continuous improvement actions.
    • Abide by applicable international, federal, state, and local regulations and policies.
    • Safeguard the public interest.
    • Ensure equipment and systems are designed to minimize environmental impact.
    • Seek to upgrade processes beyond pollution control to pollution prevention.
    • Utilize advances in science and technology to upgrade levels of efficiency and environmental protection.
    • Promote sustainable business practices consistent with ISA 14001 International Environmental Management Guidance.
    • Identify information needed to understand and analyze the effects on the environment, economy, and society for a product, process, or system or components of them.
  • 4.7.2 Societal Impact
    • Analyze the impacts of a project component on diverse stakeholders.
    • Estimate initial and life-cycle costs of a project and assess the impact of that cost and the benefits on users such as taxpayers or purchasers of a product.
    • Assess the intended and unintended environmental, economic, and societal impacts of project alternatives and explain the impacts of those alternatives to diverse project stake holders.
    • Prepare and deliver presentations to the public regarding the impacts of a project.
    • Understand the local and global environmental, economic, and societal impacts of decisions.
    • Integrate the arts and humanities with engineering.
Knowledge Areas

  • 4.7.3 Equipment, processes, and systems that minimize environmental impact
    • 4.7.4 Pollution control and prevention
      • 4.7.5 Reuse and recycling
        • 4.7.6 Life cycle analysis
          • 4.7.7 Sustainable business practices
            • 4.7.8 Federal, state and local laws and regulations (e.g., water, wastewater, air, solid/hazardous waste, groundwater/soils)
              • 4.7.9 ISO 14001 International Environmental Management Guidance
                • 4.7.10 Ecosystems