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5.3 Control

Ensuring predictable, stable, and consistent operation.

Critical Work Functions

  • 5.3.1 Control strategy development
    • 5.3.2 Procedure development (e.g., startup and shutdown sequences)
      • 5.3.3 Programming/Configuration
        • 5.3.4 Testing/Simulation/Training
          • 5.3.5 Implementation
            • 5.3.6 Integration
              Technical Content Areas

              • 5.3.7 Continuous control
                • Process characteristics
                • Feedback control & tuning (e.g., PID)
                • Basic regulatory control
                • Advanced regulatory control
                • Parameter identification and adjustment
              • 5.3.8 Discrete and sequencing control
                • Discrete/sequential control concepts
                • Motion control system design
                • Performance V
              • 5.3.9 Batch control
                • Activity management
                • Recipe management
                • Equipment hierarchy model
                • Error handling
              • 5.3.10 Advanced control
                • Inferential measurement
                • Model predictive control
              • 5.3.11 Building automation
                • Building environment monitoring
                • Heating Ventilation Air-Conditioning (HVAC) control
                • Building security (e.g., access control, cameras)
              • 5.3.12 Control equipment
                • Control systems hardware and configuration
                  • Distributed control systems (DCS)
                  • Programmable logic controllers (PLC)
                  • Process automation controllers (PAC)
                  • Supervisory Control and Data Acquisition (SCADA)
                  • Packaged systems (e.g., Refrigeration, UPS, Burner Management)
              • 5.3.13 Control system documentation
                • Logic diagrams
                • Loop diagrams
                • Piping and Instrument Diagrams (P&ID)
                • Process Flow Diagram (PFD)
              • 5.3.14 Modeling and simulation
                • Measurement and final control element dynamics
                • Loop tieback models
                • First principle models
                • Virtual plant (digital twin)
                  • Real-time
                  • Accelerated time
                  • Replay scenarios
              • 5.3.15 Mechatronics
                • Robotic control
                • Machine control
                • Motion control
                • Automated guided vehicles (AGV)
              • 5.3.16 Software development
                • Principles of UI/UX/HMI (User Interface/User Experience/Human-Machine Interface)
                • Data structures and algorithms
              • 5.3.17 Programming languages
                • IEC 61131-3 - Programmable controllers - Part 3
                  • Instruction list
                  • Ladder diagram
                  • Function block
                  • Structured text
                  • Sequential function chart
                • Common programming languages (e.g., C/C++, HTML, Java, Visual Basic)
                • Computer Numerical Control (CNC) (e.g., G-Code)
              • 5.3.18 Human Machine Interface (HMI) Lifecycle
                • System standards
                • Design
                • Implement
                • Operate
                • Continuous Work Processes
              • 5.3.19 Standards
                • ISA 101 - Human Machine Interfaces
                • IEC 61131 - Programmable Controllers
                • IEC 61158 - Digital Data Communications for Measurement and Control
                • ISA 88 - Batch Control
                • IEC 61499 - Function Blocks
                • ISA-TR106 - Procedure Automation for Continuous Operations
                • ISA 112 - SCADA Systems