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Glass Blowers, Molders, Benders, and Finishers
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Description: what do they do?
Shape molten glass according to patterns.
Also known as:
Neon Tube Bender, Gaffer, Glassblower, Press Operator, Glass Blower, Neon Glass Bender, Glass Tube Bender, Glass Bender, Machine Operator, Glass Lathe Operator

    What does this information tell me?

    This description is a quick overview of what workers in this career might do.

    "Also known as" shows other common names for this career.

    What is the source of this information?

    This information comes from an O*NET database. Learn more on the Help page.

Career video
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    Transcript: On a manufacturing floor, technical problems can result in complete havoc. Molders, shapers and casters need to be composed and consistent to carry out detailed production processes, they may craft food products, candles, tiles, figurines, and pipes from a variety of materials, such as clay, glass, concrete, and stone. Stone cutters and carvers follow diagrams to cut stone with hand and pneumatic tools. They also use sandblasting and polishing equipment to finish the stone. Glass workers shape molten glass according to patterns. They heat glass at very high temperatures until it becomes pliable, then mold or blow it to form products. Minor injuries, such as burns and cuts, occur frequently. Potters make ceramic and stoneware products using production machines or a potter's wheel that spins the clay as the potter shapes it with their hands. Potters mix and apply glazes, and operate the kilns to harden the pottery. Molding and casting workers mix materials, construct and fill molds, and cast products from metal, clay, or plaster. They use heating equipment to bake material, then finish products by boring holes, trimming excess material, or stamping with identification symbols. Conditions that are sometimes hazardous require most of these workers to wear protective clothing and equipment every day. They stand and make repetitive motions much of the day, and may work around loud noise. Most positions require a high school diploma, although potters typically require technical training or on-the-job experience.
View transcript
Outlook: will there be jobs?
Image. Employment outlook for this occupation
New job opportunities are less likely in the future.


    What does this information tell me?

    Outlook information can tell you whether a career is expected to be in demand in the future—that is, whether there are likely to be job openings if you choose this career. Careers can have one of three outlooks:

    • A Bright outlook means new job opportunities are very likely in the future
    • An Average outlook means that a small number of new job opportunities are likely in the future (less than an 8 percent increase)
    • A Below Average outlook means new job opportunities are less likely in the future

    You can also view local job listings in this field by clicking "Find job openings" above. This can help you see if local businesses are hiring—another way of looking at demand.

    What is the source of this information?

    This information comes from the O*NET Resource Center. Learn more about O*NET’s Bright Outlook occupations. Note this information is only available at a national level, so even if you selected a state, you’ll only see this information for the whole country.

Projected employment
United States
46,800
2018 Employment
47,700
2028 Employment
2%
Percent change
5,300
Annual projected job openings
You’re seeing projected employment information for Molders, shapers, and casters, except metal and plastic because we don’t have information for Glass Blowers, Molders, Benders, and Finishers.

    What does this information tell me?

    Projected employment shows how much employment is expected to grow in this occupation over a 10-year period. This can help you decide if this career is a good choice for future job opportunities. You can look at projected employment in your state, or in other states where you might consider living.

    You can see the total number of people employed in this occupation in 2016, the number expected to be employed in 2026, and rate of growth over those years.

    The projections are based on assumptions of unemployment rates and labor productivity growth rates.  While the projected numbers may not be exact, they are helpful to compare one career to another, or one location to another.

    What is the source of this information?

    State-level data come from Projections Central and each state's Labor Market Information office.

    National-level data come from the Bureau of Labor Statistics Employment Projections, 2016-26.

Typical wages

Annual wages for Molders, Shapers, and Casters, Except Metal and Plastic* in United States
This graph displays wage data.  Find details by selecting the table view.
* You’re seeing wages for Molders, Shapers, and Casters, Except Metal and Plastic because we don’t have information for Glass Blowers, Molders, Benders, and Finishers.
This chart displays wage data.  Find details by selecting the table view.
LocationUnited States
10%$22,910
25%$27,000
Median$33,340
75%$41,090
90%$51,010


    What does this information tell me?

    This chart shows you a range of how much most workers in this occupation earn per hour, in the location that you selected.

    You can select from three views of this data:

    • The Graph shows you wages at the 10th, 25th, 50th, 75th and 90th percentiles. Note that the lowest (10th %ile) wage shown is not necessarily a "starting wage." Instead it means that 10 percent of all workers in this career earn less that this amount, and 90 percent earn more. However, you can assume that you might earn close to the 10th or 25th %ile wages when you start out in most careers.
    • Select "Chart" to see a visual comparison between national wages and wages in the location you selected.
    • Select "Table" to see more wage data the national and local level.

    Please note that wage data are not available at the city or ZIP code level. If you selected a city or ZIP code, you will see wage data for the regional area.

    Also note that in this update, 21 detailed occupations found within the 2010 Standard Occupational Classification (SOC) were replaced with 10 new aggregations of those occupations; read more about these OES changes.

    You can learn more about wages for this and other occupations by clicking “See more wages” above.

    What is the source of this information?

    The wage information comes from the Bureau of Labor Statistics, Occupational Employment Statistics Program, 2018 data. For more detailed state wage data, please find the link to your state's wage data program in the Other Resources box.

Education and experience: to get started
People starting in this career usually have:
  • High school diploma or equivalent
  • No work experience
  • More than 1 year on-the-job training

You’re seeing education information for Molders, shapers, and casters, except metal and plastic because we don’t have information for Glass Blowers, Molders, Benders, and Finishers. Please note the information may not be the same for both occupations.

    What does this information tell me?

    This shows you the typical level of education, work experience, and on-the-job training that most people have when they start in this career. Note that these are not requirements for entering this field, but the information can help you understand how qualified you might be.

    Interested in starting in this career? You can search for education programs in your local area by clicking “Find local training” above.

    What is the source of this information?

    This information comes from the Bureau of Labor Statistics, Office of Occupational Statistics and Employment Projections Education and Training Data.

Typical education
How much education do most people in this career have?
Chart. Percent of workers in this field by education level attained
You’re seeing education information for Molders, shapers, and casters, except metal and plastic because we don’t have information for Glass Blowers, Molders, Benders, and Finishers. Please note the information may not be the same for both occupations.

    What does this information tell me?

    This chart shows you the range of education levels that people who currently work in this field have. You can use this to see if you fit in this range. Note that this includes ALL people who work in this field and not just those getting started.

    Interested in getting qualified for this career? You can search for programs that lead to the education needed, in your local area, by clicking “Find local training” above.

    What is the source of this information?

    This information comes from the Bureau of Labor Statistics, Office of Occupational Statistics and Employment Projections Education and Training Data.

Certifications: show your skills
Let employers know you have the skills to do well at this job.
Earning a certification can help you:
  • Get a job
  • Get a promotion

    What does this information tell me?

    When you click "Find certifications" you'll see a list of national certifications that are related to this career. From there, you can learn how to achieve one of these certifications to help you enter or get ahead in this field.

    What is the source of this information?

    This collection of occupational certifications is collected and regularly updated by CareerOneStop. Learn more at Certification Finder Help.

Licenses: do you need one?
Some states require an occupational license to work in this career.

    What does this information tell me?

    When you click "Find license details in your state" you'll see the license name and contact information for the agency in your state that oversees licensing for this field. If you have not selected a location, you'll see a list of all state licenses for this occupation.

    What is the source of this information?

    Information on licensed occupations is gathered in each state by Labor Market Information units under a grant from the U.S. Department of Labor. Learn more at License Finder Help.

Apprenticeships: learn on the job
Apprenticeships combine paid on-the-job-training with classroom lessons.

    What does this information tell me?

    When you click "Find apprenticeship sponsors" you'll find information that can help you locate apprenticeship opportunities in your state:

    • If there are businesses that have sponsored apprenticeships in this field in the past, you'll find their name and contact information.
    • If there are related occupations that might have apprenticeship opportunities, you'll find links to that information.
    • You'll also see contact information for state and federal agencies that oversee apprenticeship programs.

    What is the source of this information?

    Apprenticeship information comes from the U.S. Department of Labor, Office of Apprenticeships, and from CareerOneStop. Learn more at Apprenticeship Finder Help.

Activities: what you might do in a day
  • Place materials into molds.
  • Apply parting agents or other solutions to molds.
  • Heat material or workpieces to prepare for or complete production.
  • Weigh finished products.
  • Measure dimensions of completed products or workpieces to verify conformance to specifications.
  • Shape glass or similar materials.
  • Operate heating or drying equipment.
  • Select production input materials.
  • Adjust temperature controls of ovens or other heating equipment.
  • Record operational or production data.
  • Design jewelry or decorative objects.
  • Melt metal, plastic, or other materials to prepare for production.
  • Operate grinding equipment.
  • Maintain production or processing equipment.
  • Repair production equipment or tools.
  • Replace worn equipment components.
  • Create diagrams or blueprints for workpieces or products.
  • Draw guide lines or markings on materials or workpieces using patterns or other references.
  • Cut industrial materials in preparation for fabrication or processing.

    What does this information tell me?

    This is a list of typical work activities that people in this career might do on the job. You can use this list to get an idea of whether this career might be a good fit for you.

    Click on “More activities” to see more detailed examples of activities for this career.

    You can also use this list to help you prepare for a job interview. Or, if you’ve already held a job like this, you can copy these activities to use on your resume.

    What is the source of this information?

    This information comes from O*NET OnLine's Occupation Information. They are O*NET’s Detailed Work Activities.

Knowledge
People in this career often know a lot about:
  • Production and Processing - Knowledge of raw materials, production processes, quality control, costs, and other techniques for maximizing the effective manufacture and distribution of goods.
  • Design - Knowledge of design techniques, tools, and principles involved in production of precision technical plans, blueprints, drawings, and models.

    What does this information tell me?

    This is a list of general knowledge areas that are most commonly required for jobs in the career. Knowledge is typically gained through education and related experience.

    This list can help you learn if you are prepared for a job in this career. It can also help you decide on education or training programs that could help you prepare for the career.

    What is the source of this information?

    This information comes from the O*NET Resource Center. Learn more about O*NET's Knowledge descriptors.

Skills
People in this career often have these skills:
  • Operation and Control - Using equipment or systems.
  • Operation Monitoring - Watching gauges, dials, or display screens to make sure a machine is working.
  • Quality Control Analysis - Testing how well a product or service works.

    What does this information tell me?

    This is a list of a list the work-related skills most commonly required for jobs in the career.

    This list can help you understand how well your current skills fit this career. It can also help you plan your education or professional development.

    What is the source of this information?

    This information comes from the O*NET Resource Center. Learn more about O*NET's Skills descriptors.

Abilities
People in this career often have talent in:
  • Arm-Hand Steadiness - Keeping your arm or hand steady.
  • Near Vision - Seeing details up close.
  • Reaction Time - Quickly moving your hand, finger, or foot based on a sound, light, picture or other command.
  • Control Precision - Quickly changing the controls of a machine, car, truck or boat.
  • Manual Dexterity - Holding or moving items with your hands.
  • Visual Color Discrimination - Noticing the difference between colors, including shades and brightness.
  • Visualization - Imagining how something will look after it is moved around or changed.
  • Rate Control - Changing when and how fast you move based on how something else is moving.
  • Selective Attention - Paying attention to something without being distracted.
  • Finger Dexterity - Putting together small parts with your fingers.
  • Perceptual Speed - Quickly comparing groups of letters, numbers, pictures, or other things.
  • Multilimb Coordination - Using your arms and/or legs together while sitting, standing, or lying down.

    What does this information tell me?

    This is a list of a list of personal qualities that might influence work and are most commonly required for success in this career.

    This list can help you understand if your natural strengths and abilities are a good fit for this career.

    What is the source of this information?

    This information comes from the O*NET Resource Center. Learn more about O*NET's Abilities descriptors.

Interests
  • Conventional - Occupations related to Conventional interests frequently involve following set procedures and routines. They include working with data and details more than with ideas. Usually there is a clear line of authority to follow.
  • Artistic - Occupations with Artistic interests frequently involve working with forms, designs and patterns. They often require self-expression and allow for developing unique approaches to conducting the work.
  • Realistic - Occupations with Realistic interests frequently involve practical, hands-on problems and solutions. They often deal with plants, animals, and real-world materials like wood, tools, and machinery. Many require working outside, and do not involve a lot of paperwork or working closely with others.

    What does this information tell me?

    This is a list of work environment-preferences that are most commonly associated with the career. It can help you understand if your natural interests are a good fit for this career.

    Click "Take an interest assessment" for a quick 30-question assessment that can help you understand your interests and see careers that might be good matches for them.

    What is the source of this information?

    This information comes from the O*NET Resource Center. Learn more about O*NET's Interest descriptors.

Typical tasks
  • Place glass into dies or molds of presses and control presses to form products, such as glassware components or optical blanks.
  • Spray or swab molds with oil solutions to prevent adhesion of glass.
  • Heat glass to pliable stage, using gas flames or ovens and rotating glass to heat it uniformly.
  • Inspect, weigh, and measure products to verify conformance to specifications, using instruments such as micrometers, calipers, magnifiers, or rulers.
  • Blow tubing into specified shapes to prevent glass from collapsing, using compressed air or own breath, or blow and rotate gathers in molds or on boards to obtain final shapes.
  • Operate electric kilns that heat and mold glass sheets to the shape and curve of metal jigs.
  • Determine types and quantities of glass required to fabricate products.
  • Set up and adjust machine press stroke lengths and pressures and regulate oven temperatures, according to glass types to be processed.
  • Record manufacturing information, such as quantities, sizes, or types of goods produced.
  • Shape, bend, or join sections of glass, using paddles, pressing and flattening hand tools, or cork.
  • Design and create glass objects, using blowpipes and artisans' hand tools and equipment.
  • Place electrodes in tube ends and heat them with glass burners to fuse them into place.
  • Operate and maintain finishing machines to grind, drill, sand, bevel, decorate, wash, or polish glass or glass products.
  • Repair broken scrolls by replacing them with new sections of tubing.
  • Develop sketches of glass products into blueprint specifications, applying knowledge of glass technology and glass blowing.
  • Superimpose bent tubing on asbestos patterns to ensure accuracy.
  • Cut lengths of tubing to specified sizes, using files or cutting wheels.

    What does this information tell me?

    This is a list of typical tasks that people in this career might do on the job.  You can use this list to get an idea of whether this career might be a good fit for you.

    Click on “More tasks” to see more detailed examples for this career.

    You can also use this list to help you prepare for a job interview. Or, if you’ve already held a job like this, you can copy these tasks to use on your resume.

    What is the source of this information?

    This information comes from O*NET OnLine's Occupation Information. They are O*NET‘s Tasks.

Other resources

    What does this information tell me?

    These are additional online resources related to this career. You may find different or more detailed information at these sources.

    What is the source of this information?

    This information is collected and maintained by CareerOneStop.